Hannibal

Kris

Administrator
Staff member
#1
Everyone will kow the story of Hannibal when the new films come out this year however not many people know that Carthage in Tunisia was once the richest seaport in the world and the Carthage army came so close to defeating the Romans.

Hannibal (247 BC – 183/182 BC; sometimes referred to as Hannibal Barca) was a Carthaginian politician and statesman who is considered to be one of the finest military generals in history. As the greatest enemy of the Roman Republic, he is best known for his achievements in the Second Punic War, when he marched an army from Iberia over the Pyrenees and the Alps into northern Italy and defeated the Romans in a series of battles, maintaining an army in Italy for several years. A Roman counter-invasion of North Africa forced him to return to Carthage, where he was defeated and then forced into exile. He lived at the Seleucid court, where he acted as military advisor to Antiochus III in his war against Rome. Defeated in a naval battle, Hannibal fled again, this time to the Bithynian court. When the Romans demanded his surrender, he preferred to commit suicide rather than submit.

Hannibal is universally ranked as one of the greatest military commanders and tacticians in history, along with Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, Napoleon I of France and Robert E. Lee. Military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge once famously christened Hannibal the "father of strategy" for the reason that even his greatest enemy, Rome, came to adopt elements of his military tactics in their strategic canon.



[link=http://www.hannibaltv.com.tn/]Hannibal TV[/link]

[link=http://www.livius.org/ha-hd/hannibal/hannibal.html]Hannibal Bio[/link]
 

Mak

Active Member
#2
RE: Hannibal

Also,

Hannibal :

Birth: 247 before J.C. - Death: Bethany, 183 before J.C. Hannibal, Son of Hamilcar Barca which belonged to the one of the greatest families of the Carthaginian aristocracy, born in 247 before Jesus-Christ. His father ordered the Carthaginian forces of Sicily threatened by the advance of the Roman troops.

The Eastern Mediterranean then consists of kingdoms Hellenistic built on the vestiges of the conquests of Alexander the Great. Egypt, Syria, minor Asia is controlled by the heirs to the Greek emperor who will subject to the Greek influence old civilizations. The new cultural model Hellenistic will give rise to an art, a literature, a life style and designs political originals. The Greek language will become the vehicle of this culture, which will extend to the unit from the Mediterranean, in particular with Carthage. Hannibal, formed by a Greek tutor, will be initiated with the traditional worships inherited Tyr, the metropolis of origin of Carthage.

The balance of the forces in the Western Mediterranean will be deeply marked by the first war Romano- Carthaginian that will oppose the armies of Rome and Carthage during 23 years. The latter, equipped with a fleet of war of two hundred buildings, will establish its counters in Sicily, in Sardinia, along the coasts of Spain and North Africa. Its maritime trade will extend its sphere of activity to the Gulf of Guinea, for gold, and in Great Britain, for tin. Rome, which will covet Sicily, will obtain a maritime deterrent force into 264 before Jesus-Christ. Carthage, finally overcome, will have to give up its possessions of Sicily and Sardinia at spring 241 before Jesus-Christ, date on which the fleet Carthaginian will undergo a serious defeat near the Egates islands.

Hamilcar will negotiate the conditions of peace with the Romans. Carthaginians will have to then face the mercenaries of the army of Sicily who had not been paid. Hamilcar will arrive, with much lower forces, to overcome the rebels into 238 before Jesus-Christ. It will embark the next year for Spain, accompanied by his son-in-law Hasdrubal and his three sons: Hannibal was then nine years old, Hasdrubal and Magon. Installed in the old Phoenician colony of Gadès (Cadiz), it will undertake the conquest Iberian Peninsula and thus the silver mines of the country. He will die during a battle, in 229 before Jesus-Christ. His Hasdrubal son-in-law, indicated by the army, will take his succession. He will constitute a true state ibero- Carthaginian, will extend his conquests in direction of the north and the center of Spain, then will build a new capital Called Carthage the New one (Carthagène) before being proclaimed king. Hannibal, then 26 years old, will take the mysterious succession of Hasdrubal assassinated in 221 before Jesus-Christ.

The conflict with Rome, which will begin again in 218 before Jesus-Christ, will last nearly twenty years. Rome worried about the relations between Hannibal and certain cities of Gaul and about the plain of Pô, was then the allied one of Marseilles. The city Phocéens, the principal competitor of Carthage the Mediterranean Western, could not protect its Iberian counters. Rome will violate the treaty, which prohibited to him to cross the rivers of Èbre, to be combined to the Iberian citizens of Sagonte hostile with Carthage. Hannibal will overpower the city rebels and will start thus the hostilities with Rome. Latin will assemble two simultaneous military expeditions in direction of Spain and Sicily before the disembarkation in Africa.

Hannibal will move towards Italy in June 218 before Jesus-Christ. The Roman task force intended for Spain will learn with stupor, at the time of its stopover in Marseilles, that Hannibal had just crossed the Rhone with 38 thousand men and 37 elephan
 

Hank

New Member
#3
RE: Hannibal

there was a great program on the BBC a few nights ago, did anyone catch it.
 

Mak

Active Member
#4
RE: Hannibal

Unfortunately no ... i didn't have the chance to see it

Makrem
 

Grace 111

Active Member
#5
Hannibal has been on some History Channel shows that I have watched. I love to learn about the life of such a famous leader. They show complete courage, great intelligence, and the ability to conquer lands and people.
 

tater03

New Member
#6
I forgot about that show on the BBC. I wonder if you go to their website if you can watch it online?
 

aynbunni

New Member
#8
Rome's Revenge

The Roman reaction to the brilliance of Hannibal was to to send their General Scipio Africanus, to complete the destruction of Carthage, by heaily salting the ground, he ensure that no crops would grow and the area would revert to desert in a hundred years. The area below Bursa Hill. now heavily developed and commercialised, would at one time, have been as verdant and fruitful as Cap Bon, a region which in subsequent years was to become the "breadbasket of Rome". Italian over-reaction ?:)
 
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