IBN KHALDUN

Kris

Administrator
Staff member
#1
Simply the most famous Tunisian.

He has a statue in the centre of Tunis
[link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ibn_Khaldoun.jpg]
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Statue of IbnKhaldoun

Ibn Khaldun (full name Abu Zayd ?Abdu l-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldun al-Ha?rami) ([link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_27]May 27[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1332]1332[/link]/732AH to [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_19]March 19[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1406]1406[/link]/808AH) was a famous [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab]Arab[/link] [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiographer]historiographer[/link] and [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historian]historian[/link] born in present-day [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisia]Tunisia[/link], and is sometimes viewed as one of the forerunners of modern [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiography]historiography[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology]sociology[/link] and [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economics]economics[/link]. He is best known for his [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muqaddimah]Muqaddimah[/link] "Prolegomena".

From Wikipedia

[link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Khaldun]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Khaldun[/link]

[link=http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ik/klf.htm]http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ik/klf.htm[/link]
 

Mak

Active Member
#2
RE: IBN KHALDUN

IBN KHALDOUN

(1332-1406) Muslim historian and sociologist.
Ibn Khaldoun's family was of the Tunisian elite, and he received a thorough education. He served at several courts in Maghreb. Still, due to the unstability of his time, he was twice imprisoned.
It was during one of his imprisonments, in what is today's Algeria, that he wrote his famous Foreword, (muqaddama) which would become the first volume of his Universal History (kitab al-cabru).
Ibn Khaldoun's fame was so widespread even in his own days, that in 1400 he was received as an honoured guest with the Tatar ruler, Tamerlane.
The Universal History is a central source for the knowledge of the history of North Africa, and the Berber people. But it is his Foreword, in which he outlines his philosophy of history, explaining how dynasties had a tendency to last for a period of 3 generations, after which a new dynasty would wipe it out.
Typically, North African dynasties, like the ones of the Almohads and Almoravids, had lasted about a century, or 3 generations.
Underlying this theory was the observation that the first generation of a dynasty retained the hard and demanding life of the countryside, while the second generation would be absorbed into the local culture, and the third generation degenerated into decadence, as it acquired all the trappings of urban life.
The weak third generation would to a large degree lack the capacity to defend itself, and was therefore an easy victim for the attack of a new rural dynasty.
Ibn Khaldoun saw a strong connection between social change and the climate and the level of economic activity. Societies were held together by social cohesiveness, and according to his theories religion served as a strengthening factor.
BIOGRAPHY
1332: Born in Tunis, in a family belonging to the Tunisian elite.
1375: Imprisoned for a period of 4 years, during which he writes his famous Foreword, (muqaddama).
1382: Ibn Khaldoun receives a chair at the al-Azhar University in Cairo, acting as a judge and a teacher of Sharia, Muslim law.
1400: Is received as an honoured guest with the Tatar ruler, Tamerlane.







Also Ibn Khaldun is the most important figure in the field of History and Sociology in Muslim History. He is one of those shining stars that contributed so richly to the understanding of Civilization. In order for one to understand and appreciate his work, one must understand his life. He lived a life in search of stability and influence. He came from a family of scholars and politicians and he intended to live up to both expectations. He would succeed in the field of Scholarship much more so than in any other field.

Ibn Tafrakin, the ruler of Tunis, called Ibn Khaldun to be the seal bearer of his captive Sultan Abu lshaq. It is here that Ibn Khaldun would get first hand look at the inner workings of court politics and the weakness of the government. It would not be long before he would get an opportunity to leave Tunis.
In 1352 (713 A. H.) Abu Ziad, the Emir of Constantine, marched his forces on Tunis. Ibn Khaldun accompanied Ibn Tafrakin with the forces that would ward off Abu Ziad’s attacks. Tunis was defeated and Ibn Khaldun escaped to Aba, where he lived with al-Mowahideen. He would move back and forth through Algeria and settled in Biskra.
At that same time in Morocco Sultan Abu Enan, who had recently settled on the throne of his father, wa
 

Safiyah

New Member
#3
I loved this article!

I visited the place he was born, and also studied.
Being an anthropolgy student, it was doubly intersting that he is the Father of Sociology.
I even named my third child his name!
 

Sana

New Member
#4
www.tunisia.com

Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman (1336-1406) The Islamic historian is remembered in philosophy principally for a simple version of the cyclical view of history (see eternal recurrence). He believed that in a period of about 120 years a people would pass through the cycle of primitivism, nomadic life, and civilization, the last of which would fall as a new cycle commenced. He is regarded as the first (and still the greatest) historian of Arabic logic, possibly the most outstanding figure in the social sciences between Aristotle and Machiavelli.
 

Alulu

New Member
#5
It is also interesting to note that he made some observations about evolution in one of his books which could nowadays be closely related to the evolution theory. He didnt take a stance as in "evolution vs creation" but did observe animals and mentioned the possibility of evolution amongst them.

Lets hope Tunisians will rise again and bring forth more Ibn Khalduns of this era, inshaAllah.
 

ROULLA

Registered User
#6
Hi Everyone,

Hope that you are all well! Especially those of you in the UK, just come from outside and its snowing and freezing..But really wonderful to watch........
There is also a statue of Ibn Khaldun in Nabeul by the police station not far from the Jarra (the big pot )...........................
 

Janan

Banned
#7
love you, will study more , thanks
 

ROULLA

Registered User
#8
Simply the most famous Tunisian.

He has a statue in the centre of Tunis
[link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ibn_Khaldoun.jpg]
[/link]



Statue of IbnKhaldoun

Ibn Khaldun (full name Abu Zayd ?Abdu l-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldun al-Ha?rami) ([link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_27]May 27[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1332]1332[/link]/732AH to [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_19]March 19[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1406]1406[/link]/808AH) was a famous [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab]Arab[/link] [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiographer]historiographer[/link] and [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historian]historian[/link] born in present-day [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisia]Tunisia[/link], and is sometimes viewed as one of the forerunners of modern [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiography]historiography[/link], [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology]sociology[/link] and [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economics]economics[/link]. He is best known for his [link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muqaddimah]Muqaddimah[/link] "Prolegomena".

From Wikipedia

[link=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Khaldun]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Khaldun[/link]

[link=http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ik/klf.htm]http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ik/klf.htm[/link]
Hi Kris hope that you and your family are all in good health! Are you spamming again Kris you know that this is against forum rules:D;)
 

ROULLA

Registered User
#9
Movies''peace''from March 28 to April 3, 2011 in Tunis

Tunisian Federation of Film Clubs (FTCC) organizes from 28 March to 3 April 2011, at the house of culture Ibn Khaldoun in Tunis, the 11th edition of the event''Film peace.''
This event will feature film screenings and workshops and meetings to establish an alternative culture.
Will start with a tribute to the revolution and a Tunisian media debate over the film''Mad City''by Costa Gavras. The debate will be held in the presence of Neji Bghouri, president of the National Union of Tunisian Journalists.
Workshops are planned with the participation of a host of scholars including a workshop entitled''cinema,''Metaphor and War and another on''the semiotics of the photograph.''
Meetings at night, from 21h, will be held at the youth hostel in the medina in Tunis under the patronage of the FTCC and the Tunisian Federation of amateur filmmakers (FTCA).
Various topics will be on display during this event, including Palestine, corruption, women and music. A feature film about democracy will be directed by Ahmed Jelassi and an exhibition of photographs on the revolution of Tunisia, will take place at the house of culture Ibn Khaldun.
 
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